Pavlodar region was founded in January, 1938. The city of Pavlodar is located along the bank of the Irtysh River, the largest river in Kazakhstan. It is the administrative center and one of the most beautiful cities in Kazakhstan.
The Pavlodar region is in the northeast of the Republic of Kazakhstan and shares the northern border with the Russian Federation, with the cities of Omsk to the north and Novosibirsk to the northeast. The Altay Territory of the Russian Federation is to the east. East Kazakhstan and Karaganda regions are to the south, while Akmola and Northern Kazakhstan regions lie to the west.
The Pavlodar region is strategically located to enable better transportation to neighboring countries and local areas within Kazakhstan. This is possible through Southern Siberian and Mid-Siberian mainline railroads, the automotive, aviation, electronic pipelines and river kinds of transportation.
Pavlodar Priirtyshye has everything, including plains, steppes, forest-steppes, pine forests, mountains and numerous lakes. The ancient Irtysh River divided the region into two equal parts. The steppe comprises the greatest portion of the region. From earliest times, Kazakh people called it Saryarka – golden steppe.
Bayanaul lies within this territory, the gem of Pavlodar Priirtyshye, one of the most beautiful places in the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is a unique creation of nature situated within the middle of the steppe. The mountains, pine forests, fauna, Jasybay, Toraigyr, and Sabandykol lakes make an indelible impression. It is the largest outdoor recreational zone and a place for pilgrimage of thousands of tourists from all parts of Kazakhstan and Russia.
The climate of Pavlodar region is acutely continental, characterized with a long, cold winter (5.5 months), and a short, hot summer (3 months).
Pavlodar region is one of the main industrial regions of Kazakhstan. An industrial complex was formed there as one of the largest industrial producers in the CIS. It included the plants which were engaged in the development of minerals and hydrocarbons.
Businessmen from various countries and continents have been attracted to this region due to rich natural resources, developed industrial and social infrastructures, scientific and technical potential and its prime location between Central Asia and Siberia. There is dynamic development of small and average business, highly qualified specialists, a modern transportation and communication infrastructure, foreign investors, government development programs.
A diversified industrial complex was formed in the territory of Pavlodar region. Large companies have been established for the purpose of exporting goods from the region. These companies produce coal, electricity, and heat energy, aluminum, and ferroalloys. The region produces 7% of the industrial output of the Republic, and about 70% of the total coal production, 3/4 of the republican production of ferroalloys, about 40% of the republican production of power and oil. It has great potential for further development in the areas of chemical, engineering, and metallurgic industries. About five thousand different enterprises actively work in the region.
About 5 thousand enterprises of different forms of property actively work in the region. The region also consists of raw materials and manufacturing capacities for agricultural products. The heart of energy production in Kazakhstan – Ekibastuz power plants, Aksu Hydro Electric Power Station (HEPS), the largest in the country, and other heat stations. An advantageous characteristic of these power plants is their close proximity to coal sources as well as to consumers of electricity and heat.
Agriculture plays a considerable role in the region. Agricultural lands make up 11.2 million hectares. The primary crop grown in the region is wheat – about half of the arable land, while 15-17% of the remaining crops consist of other grains. Potatoes, vegetables, and watermelons are also grown in the region.
The industrial potential created in the region caused expansion of transport communications. The region is a transport and communication center: Kazakhstan oil pipeline originates here and travels to the southern part of the country (Shymkent), lines of distant transmission of electric power – to different regions of Kazakhstan and Russia, railroad track – to Russia, centre and south of the country.