Bayanaul National Park
Bayanaul National Park is the National Park in the Republic of Kazakhstan, located in southeastern Pavlodar region (Bayanaul area), 100 km from Ekibastuz. It is one of the protected areas of Kazakhstan.
The park was founded in 1985 and became the first one in Kazakhstan. The basis for creation of the park was the need to preserve and restore the natural flora and fauna of Bayanaul Mountains.
The park comprises the area of 68 453 hectares.
Bayanaul is located within the Kazakh mounds, which formed as a large mountain range during the early Paleozoic, and has a long history of continental destruction, therefore these days its height is rather modest (400-1027 meters above sea level). The highest peak of Bayanaul (1027m) is the mountain Akbet. By the legend the mountain was named after the girl Akbet who had jumped off it.
There are three large fresh water lakes in the Bayanaul territory – Sabyndykol, Jasybay and Toraigyr. Besides these, there are several smaller lakes, which in the dry season grow shallow.
The largest lake – Sabyndykol (in Kazakh – “soap lake”), on the shore of which there is Bayanaul village. According to the legend the beauty Bayan washed her hairs and dropped the soap into the lake.
The most transparent lake is Jasybay located in the valley between mountain ranges. Jasybay is one of the most popular places for swimming because of the beautiful view from the shore and its clean water. By the legend, the lake was named in honor of the Kazakh batyr, Jasybay, who had died on the shore in the battle with invaders.
Toraigyr is the third largest lake in Bayanaul. The water is not as pure as in the Jasybay Lake, therefore it is less popular to swim, but there are a lot of fish, including carp. This lake was named after the Kazakh poet Sultanmakhmut Toraigyrov, whose childhood was spent in Bayanaul.
The Bayanaul National Park represents four kinds of vegetation – forest, forest-steppe, steppe and meadow.
Floral variety in the park amounts to 460 types, including Bayanaul pine and black alder. The Bayanaul pine is characterized by the fact that it mainly grows on the rocks creating quaint combination of stone and vegetation. Many bushes, including berries – raspberry, hips, currants and hawthorn grow in the park as well as birch, pine, alder and aspen. A lot of strawberry and mushrooms grow in meadows and woods. The park has 50 species of relic plants, including relict black alder and relic rock currants.
About 50 kinds of birds and 40 kinds of animals live in Bayanaul. The group of upland fowl and also wild ram, roe, badger and squirrel have a great value. The proud of the park is wild ram, included in the Red Book as rare and endangered species of animals, which is in need of protection.
Among birds – crane, swan, heron, bustard, among birds of prey – golden eagle, kestrel and kite.
The Bayanaul Mountains are located in the center of the Asian continent and therefore, they have the continental climate. The average annual temperature is 3,2°C. The average temperature in January is – 13,7°C, minimal is – 17,8°C.
The average temperature in July is 14,6°C, the peak – 32,6°C. The average frost-free period is only 140 days. The annual rainfall is 340 mm with variations in some years from 190 to 494 mm. The average annual wind speed in Bayanaul is 2.9 m/sec.
Although the place is characterized by the acutely continental climate, Bayanaul has not strong winds and sand storms that are common in the steppe areas of Pavlodar region.
Bayanaul is one of the favourite places for tourists, mainly from neighbouring cities of the Central and Northern Kazakhstan. In the territory of the park there are a lot of hotels and recreational areas.
Swimming, hiking, climbing and bicycling are the main kinds of rest in Bayanaul. People also can see the sights of the park – “Holy cave”, “Stone head”, the stone “Male genitals” and others. The place for swimming is Jasybay as the most clean and clear lake among the rest lakes. On the shore of the lake people rent catamarans, rowing and motor boats.
In Bayanaul tourists show a special interest in some rocks and stones having fanciful shapes (animals, people and even a truck). Among the most popular – the sculpture “Stone head”, known as “Baba Yaga”. The next stones – a camel, mammoth and gorilla, a profile of the poet A.S.Pushkin, a flying saucer, dinosaur, dove, a horse head and many others.
The mountain “Bulka”, “Akbet” and the Peak of Brave are popular among rock climbers. At the top of “Bulka” there are six lakes.
One more sights in Bayanaul – “Holy cave”. According to the popular belief, a man who comes into the cave and makes a wish touching the wall with a hand, and then comes out of it, not turning a head, the wish comes true. Also there is a legend that the cave helps infertile parents to have a baby. So, adults should perform a rite in it.
Kyzyltau State Natural Zoological Reserve
The State Natural Reserve – Kyzyltau is located in the south-west of Bayanaul area, in the north-eastern part of Sary-Arka. The total area of 60000 he. It protects reproduction of rare animals and their habitats, in particular – argali.
State Forest Natural Reserve “Yertis Ormany“
The State Forest Natural Reserve “Yertis ormany” – specially protected natural area. It is opened in 2003 and located in the pinewoods of Pavlodar region on 277961 he.
The Scotch pine is grown here, it has an exceptional resistance to bad weather conditions. Feather grass, fescue, June grass, sedge, field-southernwood and others are also grown in the pine forests. The number of species reaches 35-40, many of them are rare and endangered.
The animal kingdom of the pinewoods is very diverse. About 40 mammal species and 200 bird species live here. The popular animals are elks, roe deer, foxes, corsac foxes, mountain and brown hares, bobak marmots, wolves, trots, squirrels, ferrets, jerboas and others.
Among birds: perching, prey, Gruiformes and Charadriidae. There are birds, entered the Red Book of the Republic of Kazakhstan: black stork, whooper swan, black scoter, swan goose, osprey, golden eagle, saker falcon and slender-billed curlew.
Paleontological natural monument “Goose flight”
The monument is located on the right bank of the Irtysh River, in the northern part of Pavlodar, 500 meters to south of the railway bridge. It was developed in 1928 by the Moscow paleontologist Yu.A.Orlov. In the 29-30th there were paleontological excavations. Thousand bones of ancient mammals of Pliocene-Miocene age were found there. Among them: remains of 20 species of deer, 40 giraffes, 130 rhinoceroses, 200 hipparions and etc. Palaebiologists from the former Soviet Union came to investigate the paleontological place – “Goose flight” with the rich fauna of the Neogene period (25 – 2 mln years). All paleomaterial was taken by scientists, as, firstly, there was no a museum of local lore in Pavlodar, secondly, there was no a scientific organization, which could preserve paleontological remains. Many paleodiscoveries of that time, became a part of the collection of ZI AS USSR. The work, started by Orlova A.Yu in 1960, was continued by the expedition of the department of palaebiology of Institute of Zoology of the Academy of Sciences of the KazSSR. The group of scientists found remains of hares, jerboas, gerbils, amphibian and small birds. The natural monument “Goose flight” is the largest known burial place of Neogene animals.
State Nature Reserve “Irtysh River floodplain”
The floodplain of the Irtysh River extends from 1 to 10-12 km to the left bank and from 4 to 6 km to the right bank. The valley of the Irtysh River is in the territory of Pavlodar region in the southern part of the West Siberian Plain. It divides the lowland into the right bank – Ob-Irtysh interfluve (Kulunda steppe) and left bank – Irtysh steppes. The area of the state nature reserve “Irtysh River floodplain”- 377,133 he.
The Irtysh River floodplain is a unique creation of nature. Over 3 th km of the floodplain river crosses all steppe and southern part of the forest western Siberia.
Pavlodar region has the unique potential to be international resorts. The most popular Lakes: Moiyldy, Maraldy, Tuzkala and Kyzyltuz.
Maraldy – the natural salt lake. It is popular for its mineralized mud, which treats joint pain and rheumatism. The water temperature is about 10-15 degrees higher than at the surface. At the bottom of the Lake there are deposits of blue cosmetic clay. Artemia salina, lived in the Lake, makes the water pink. They are used in the perfume and pharmaceutical industries.
The Kalatuz Lake (in Yamyshevo v. of Lebyazhye area) is popular for its health properties. There is a comfortable recreation zone with shower, bath and mini-cafe.
The Moildy sanatorium – the unique health resort. It is well-known not only in Kazakhstan, but abroad. The “Moiyldy” Lake contains high-mineralized mud and salt brine, giving a powerful health effect, when people have problems with the musculoskeletal system (arthritis, polyarthritis, osteochondrosis and etc), peripheral nervous system (neuritis, radiculitis etc), gynecological diseases (chronic inflammatory processes, infertility, etc), urological diseases (prostatitis, impotence, urethritis, etc) and many others. The composition of the mud and brine are identical to sources in Saki city of the Southern coast of Crimea.
Placed: 21.11.2014 11:56